Using evidence of geomorphology, experimental and analytical hierarchy Using evidence of geomorphology, experimental and analytical hierarchy analysis in karstification (in Kalat mountain in the North East of Iran)

Document Type : Original Research Article


1 Department of Geomorphology, Faculty of Geography and Environmental Sciences, University of hakim Sabzevari, Sabzevar, Iran

2 Department of Geomorphology, Faculty of Accounting and Management, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad branch, Mashhad, Iran


The Identification of Karsticity degree of a karstic basin is very important for the management of water resources and tourism in a region. The purpose of this research is to identify the degree of karsticity of a karstic basin using geomorphologic, empirical, and hierarchical analysis. The research tool includes a topographic map of kalat 1: 50000, a geological map of kalat 1: 100000, aerial photographs of 1: 40000, Google Earth satellite imagery, ARC GIS software, GPS device, meter, compass, Hammock Smith and a digital camera. The results of the study showed that using field evidence, the diversity of landforms is relatively low, there are no cave deposits, and caves are not developed. In the evolutionary stages of karst using the Waltham and Fookse method, the basin is in a young stage. Using a Cvijic Karstic method, it is in the transitional phase. Using the empirical Corbel equation, the karstic erosion indicates a semi-evolutionary condition of the karst. Calcium rate, in the ICP method and weight percentages of lime in carbonate formations, indicating relatively low calcium purity in the carbonate formations of the basin, indicating the degree of development of karst is towards the young. Finally, using the hierarchical analysis model, the total area of ​​the Kalat basin was 19.04% in the less developed class, 24.57% in the undeveloped class, 42.88% in the middle class and 14.38% in the developed class it has been found that due to the small extent of the developed areas of the basin, it shows the young stage. Using the results obtained from different methods and combining this information, Kalat mountain basin can be developed from the perspective of karst development in the less developed category and the karstization of this basin is at a young stage.


Main Subjects

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