Document Type : Original Research Article
Department of Human Geography and Logistics, Faculty of Earth Science, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
Background and objectives: Urban regeneration is a clear mirror that reflects urban thinking and planning in every national system. This process in Iranian cities is quite different from the other cities in the world. Many factors have been important in this process, but a major issue was socio cultural groups and nationalities like it has seen and studied at Montreal, Canada by author. The aim of this paper is to reconsider city sustainable development theory by analyzing urban regeneration processes with emphasis on cultural diversity or internal ethnic groups in Tehran. Methods: An analytical-qualitative framework is used to acquire an understanding of the specifications involved. Through impartial observations on two cities (Tehran and Montreal) over more than five years, this paper attempts to understand the effects of cultural-ethnic groups as social capitals on changing urban spaces. Findings: The results revealed that there are not any real multicultural cities in Iran and Tehran is a sample of local-internal multicultural city which its people are not serious social capitals or human forces in urban planning, implementation, and changes. Therefore, cultural capitals, which are consequential to urban regeneration process, as in the case of Montreal, have not been formed in Tehran . Conclusion: These findings may provide urban policy-makers in Iran and Tehran with social important facts for regeneration planning development, which helps to improve social capitals of cultural-ethnic groups.