The Solutions Basic Collection, Control, and Management of Stray Animals in Urban Areas (Study Area: Tehran City)

Document Type : Original Research Article

Authors

1 Department of Water Sciences and Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Kashmar Higher Education Institute, Kashmar, Iran

2 Department of Planning and Designing the Environment, Environmental Sciences Research Institute (ESRI), Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

Stray animals such as cats and dogs, mainly have an independent life, are homeless, have uncontrollable reproduction, and have a large population in the environment and the city. These animals have become a concern for public health in cities and the environment. With the spread of deadly diseases such as rabies, they are considered a threat to human life and health, and their number is increasing day by day in Tehran City. Therefore, it is necessary to provide basic solutions to control and reduce the population of stray animals in Tehran City. Based on reviewing the laws of successful developed and developing countries and expert interviews with 40 people in different fields, suitable solutions for the basic collection, control, and management of stray animals in Tehran City were obtained according to the existing conditions. The results showed that the best solutions include neutering (19%), education and awareness in society (16%), collecting and transfer to shelters (15%), fines for people who violate the rules and prohibition of food to stray animals (13%), euthanasia (10%), using efficient experts and waste management (9%), registration in the system, birth certification, and microchipping of the animal (8%), amending existing laws (6%), and amending municipal contracts (4%). Therefore, it is necessary to control the population of stray animals in Tehran City with solutions such as neutering, educating informing people, and collecting stray animals to be transferred to the shelter.

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